Water Damage Restoration – A Brief Preview
Water Damage Restoration is the process of repairing a house or property to its pre-loss condition. Damage to the property could be because of an overflow, flood or any other water damage event. The water damage restoration process involves several key procedures like loss assessment, categorization based on the water contamination levels, decontaminating and drying the structure, monitoring of the process and completion of the process. There are two large certifying bodies, namely the IICRC (Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification) and the RIA (Restoration Industry Association) that recommends standards for water damage restoration. The S500 damage due to water guide is the benchmark tool that is used by companies that specialize in restoration of water damage.
Loss Assessment and Categorization
Loss evaluation is the first and the most important step in water damage restoration. The assessment has to be correct so that an appropriate response can be taken. In restorating the damage caused by water, technicians and the insurance companies must work together and understand what is damaged and how to go about restoring the damage. Identifying the source of the damage, documentation of damage, and accurate estimates are mandatory for a proper water damage restoration. Categorization is based on the contamination levels of the water source. The categories are listed below
Category 1 – This is water from clean sources like pipes, sinks and toilets without faeces or urine.
Category 2 – This is water that has some contaminants like water from a dishwasher, washing machine or toilet with urine.
Category 3 – This is water that is highly unsanitary and is capable of causing illness or death if ingested. Sewage water, water from toilet with faeces, standing water with microbial growth and floodwater are some examples.
Decontamination and Drying
After the evaluation is complete, the process of drying and decontaminating begins at the site. Based on the extent of damage, damage caused due to water can be classified into 4 types. Class 1 Damage- When loss is restricted to a small area and less water has been absorbed by materials. This results in slow evaporation rate. Class 2 Damage – When the damage is to the entire room and carpet area. Class 3 Damage – When the entire area is saturated with water and Class 4 Damage – when there are many deep saturation pockets. Decontamination and drying is a key stage in Water damage restoration and equipments like blowers, dehumidifiers, scrubbers and subfloor drying equipments have to be used. Decontamination has to be done if contamination has been detected in the area. Decontamination may be done for the entire area or in specific pockets where contamination has been detected.
Monitoring and Completion
Monitoring the restoration process of damage caused due to damage is critical to achieve the desired results. One has to be proactive during the monitoring process. Checking if the drying equipment is setup properly, assessing if the personnel involved are qualified for the job and checking if the equipments are in working order are all part of the monitoring process. Necessary steps are to be taken if anything wrong is spotted during the monitoring process. The entire process of water damage restoration would be classified as complete only once the humidity, temperature and the moisture content is as per industry standards. Upon completion of the water damage restoration process, the drying equipment can be removed.
Water Damage - What To Do If It Happens To You?
Water Damage Defined
Water damage can be defined as the damage to real estate or personal property by the encroachment of water. Flooding is a somewhat common occurrence with homes and businesses. Whenever flood damage happens, it can be a traumatic experience for the resident. In some cases, the resident is required to leave their business or residence until the restoration work is completed. This can, at times be a large inconvenience to the resident and can result in loss of income to the business.
How Water Problems Occur
There are many reasons that a home or business could become water damaged. One way water damage can occur is because of flooding due to rainstorms or other water accumulations. A second way that water damage can occur is due pipes and interior plumbing in buildings breaking and leaking water. This kind of damage can occur quickly, as in the case of a pipe breaking and suddenly discharging water or slowly due to a slow leak in a pipe that leaks for weeks or months until it's discovered. Whatever the initial cause for the water damage, it is important that the leak is stopped and the property is dried as soon as possible. Otherwise, additional damage may occur in the form of mold.
What To Do When an Emergency Occurs
When the property owner discovers that flooding or discharge of water has occurred on their property, the first thing they should do is, if possible, stop the leak by turning off the water. They should then contact a professional plumber immediately if the cause of the flooding is because of a pipe leak. If necessary, the plumber might need to call in a water damage restoration company to dry and remove the water from the property and restore the property to its original condition. It is absolutely critical that the property owner not delay in calling in professionals as the longer the water is allowed to remain, the higher the probability that mold will grow. If mold is allowed to grow on the property, the scope of the damage is greatly increased as is the cost to repair the damage.