Water Damage Restoration – A Brief Preview
Water Damage Restoration is the process of repairing a house or property to its pre-loss condition. Damage to the property could be because of an overflow, flood or any other water damage event. The water damage restoration process involves several key procedures like loss assessment, categorization based on the water contamination levels, decontaminating and drying the structure, monitoring of the process and completion of the process. There are two large certifying bodies, namely the IICRC (Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification) and the RIA (Restoration Industry Association) that recommends standards for water damage restoration. The S500 damage due to water guide is the benchmark tool that is used by companies that specialize in restoration of water damage.
Loss Assessment and Categorization
Loss evaluation is the first and the most important step in water damage restoration. The assessment has to be correct so that an appropriate response can be taken. In restorating the damage caused by water, technicians and the insurance companies must work together and understand what is damaged and how to go about restoring the damage. Identifying the source of the damage, documentation of damage, and accurate estimates are mandatory for a proper water damage restoration. Categorization is based on the contamination levels of the water source. The categories are listed below
Category 1 – This is water from clean sources like pipes, sinks and toilets without faeces or urine.
Category 2 – This is water that has some contaminants like water from a dishwasher, washing machine or toilet with urine.
Category 3 – This is water that is highly unsanitary and is capable of causing illness or death if ingested. Sewage water, water from toilet with faeces, standing water with microbial growth and floodwater are some examples.
Decontamination and Drying
After the evaluation is complete, the process of drying and decontaminating begins at the site. Based on the extent of damage, damage caused due to water can be classified into 4 types. Class 1 Damage- When loss is restricted to a small area and less water has been absorbed by materials. This results in slow evaporation rate. Class 2 Damage – When the damage is to the entire room and carpet area. Class 3 Damage – When the entire area is saturated with water and Class 4 Damage – when there are many deep saturation pockets. Decontamination and drying is a key stage in Water damage restoration and equipments like blowers, dehumidifiers, scrubbers and subfloor drying equipments have to be used. Decontamination has to be done if contamination has been detected in the area. Decontamination may be done for the entire area or in specific pockets where contamination has been detected.
Monitoring and Completion
Monitoring the restoration process of damage caused due to damage is critical to achieve the desired results. One has to be proactive during the monitoring process. Checking if the drying equipment is setup properly, assessing if the personnel involved are qualified for the job and checking if the equipments are in working order are all part of the monitoring process. Necessary steps are to be taken if anything wrong is spotted during the monitoring process. The entire process of water damage restoration would be classified as complete only once the humidity, temperature and the moisture content is as per industry standards. Upon completion of the water damage restoration process, the drying equipment can be removed.
Water Damage Restoration - Go for a Professional Solution?
The causes of house floods are many and different. The list includes natural disasters, burst pipes of the property's water supply system or sewage system and broken water boilers, to name the main ones. No matter what the cause of the problem is, you must immediately take a set of measures for water damage repair and for restoring your home. Here they are.
Go back inside only if it's safe.
In case your house has suffered major structural damage, you should stay put until you have confirmation that it is safe to enter. Before you go inside, you must ensure that the power supply and the water supply to the house have been terminated. Since the water may be contaminated, you must wear protective clothing and a mask, even if it has subsided. Another thing to keep in mind is that the security of your property is your responsibility, no matter whether you can enter or not.
Check which furnishings can be salvaged.
Carpet and rugs should be dried in the first place. Otherwise, mold can grow inside them and practically destroy them from within. After they are perfectly dry, they should receive thorough cleaning, preferably with products which can kill any pathogens and which are safe the for fibers and dye, of course. The water damage restoration specialists should be able to tell you if carpet and rugs can be saved given their condition.
If wood furniture has not been into contact with water for a long time and is dried quickly outside, it may be salvaged. Otherwise, you may have to replace it. This should be covered by your home insurance policy.
Time is of the essence when it comes to water damage repair. Act quickly to save your home.